History of Llucmajor * ( de Ayuntamiento de Llucmajor)
The name of Llucmajor is probably composed by the Latin words lucus maioris, which mean “greater forest”.
There is a prehistoric settlement of Capocorb Vell, in the south of Llucmajor.
It represents a myth within the prehistoric investigation thanks to its conservation and it is the most important talayotic settlement in the East Mediterranean.
Also, it is one of the most extensive settlements of the island as well as one of the first places that have been excavated and studied.
Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians and Romans left their influence until the arrival of the Christianity. A fragmented tablet is the only testimony of those times and written in it only a single word as a toponym “Egnatuleia”.
After several attempts, in 902, Mallorca was submitted under Arab dominion and followed by a stage of growth and prosperity.It is considered, that Llucmajor existed as an Arab farmhouse, depending on the municipality of Montuïri.
Later, in 1229, the island of Mallorca was conquered by the king Jaume I. We have to emphasize, that the most important milestone of our history has been the Battle of Llucmajor “Sa Batalla de Llucmajor”, that took place on the 25th October 1349.
In this combat, Jaume III, the last king of Mallorca, was defeated and he lost his kingdom, thus being annexed to the Kingdom of Aragón. In 1543 the emperor Carlos V granted to Llucmajor the real privilege to celebrate fairs from the 29th September to the 18th October, as well as a weekly market, which takes place still nowadays on Wednesday and on Friday. During the centuries XIVth to XVIIIth the South coast of Mallorca suffered the continuous threat of pirates and corsairs expeditions which attacked the Mallorcan coasts without breath.
The towers of S’Estelella, Cap Blanc, Cap Enderrocat and Cala Pi are witnesses of those fights. The convent of San Bonaventura was built in the XVIIth century and was the penultimate one founded by the Franciscans on the island. The parish church of Sant Miquel, which construction began in 1781, was erected by the architect Isidro González Velázquez.
By a Real Decree of 3rd October 1916, the king Alfonso XIII granted Llucmajor the title of “ciutat”, city.
Once a city producing footwear this has now been replaced by tourist industry, and local wares.